disorders include panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic
stress disorder, phobias and generalized anxiety disorder. Patients with anxiety
disorders suffer from symptoms that are chronic, unremitting and usually grow
progressively worse if left untreated. Tormented by panic attacks, irrational
thoughts and fears, compulsive behaviors or rituals, flashbacks, nightmares,
or countless frightening physical symptoms, people with anxiety disorders are
heavy utilizers of emergency rooms and other medical services. Their work, family
and social lives are disrupted, and some even become housebound. Many ofpatients
with anxiety disorders have co-occurring disorders such as depression, alcohol
or drug abuse, or other mental disorders.
IUCCA UPPER CERVICAL CARE RELATES TO ANXIETY DISORDERS
medical science has not determined the exact cause
of anxiety and phobia, recent research has pointed
towards a likely head trauma-induced origin for
certain cases of anxiety disorders.1-19
Evidence supports that trauma
(in particular mild concussive injury to the head,
neck or upper back) increases the risk of onset
of anxiety and phobia.1-19
Following the trauma, anxiety disorders can be
triggered immediately or can take months or years
purpose of IUCCA upper cervical care is to reverse
the trauma-induced upper neck injury; thereby
reducing irritation to the injured nerves in the
central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
While many anxiety sufferers recall specific traumas
such as head injuries, auto accidents or falls,
some do not. An upper cervical examination utilizing
Radiography and Digital
Infrared Imaging is
necessary in each individual's case to assess
whether an upper cervical injury is present and
whether benefit from upper cervical care can be
/ Phobia Case Studies
1. McCracken LM, Iverson GL. Predicting complaints
of impaired cognitive functioning in patients
with chronic pain. J Pain Symptom Manage 2001
May; 21(5): 392-6.
2. Goldstein FC, Levin HS, Goldman WP. Cognitive
and neurobehavioral functioning after mild verses
moderate traumatic brain injury in older adults.
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2001 Mar; 7(3): 373-83.
3. Mayou RA, Black J, Bryant B. Unconsciousness,
amnesia and psychiatric symptoms following road
traffic accident injury. Br J Psychiatry 2000
Dec; 177: 540-5.
4. Van Reekum R, Cohen T, Wong J. Can traumatic
brain injury cause psychiatric disorders? J Neuropsychiatry
Clin Neurosci 2000 Summer; 12(3): 316-27.
5. Scheutzow MH, Wiercisiewski DR. Panic disorder
in a patient with traumatic brain injury: a case
report and discussion. Brain Inj 1999 Sep; 13(9):
6. Piccinielli M, Patterson M, Braithwaite I.
Anxiety and depression disorders 5 years after
severe injuries: a prospective follow-up study.
J Psychosom Res 1999 May; 46(5): 455-64.
7. Bryant RA, Harvey AG. Postconcussive symptoms
and posttraumatic stress disorder after mild traumatic
brain injury. J Nerv Ment Dis 1999 May; 187(5):
8. Thurber CA. Anxiety and closed head injury
in young people. Pediatr Rehabil 1998 Oct-Dec;
9. Berthier ML, Kulisevsky J, Fernandez Benitez
JA. Reactivation of posttraumatic stress disorder
after minor head injury. Depress Anxiety 1998;
10. Bowen A, Neumann V, Conner M. Mood disorders
following traumatic brain injury: identifying
the extent of the problem and the people at risk.
Brain Inj 1998 Mar; 12(3): 177-90. 11. Gass CS,
Apple C. Cognitive complaints in closed-head injury:
relationship to memory test performance and emotional
disturbance. J Clin Neuropsychol 1997 Apr; 19(2):
12. Emilien G, Waltregny A. Traumatic brain injury,
cognitive and emotional dysfunction. Impact of
clinical neuropsychology research. Acta Neurol
Belg 1996 Jun; 96(2): 89-101.
13. Van Reekum R, Bolago I, Finlayson MA. Psychiatric
disorders after traumatic brain injury. Brain
Inj 1996 May; 10(5): 319-27.
14. Barrett K, Buxton N, Redmond AD. A comparison
of symptoms experienced following minor head injury
and acute neck strain (whiplash injury). J Accid
Emerg Med 1995 Sep; 12(3): 173-6.
15. David D, Giron A, Mellman TA. Panic-phobic
patients and developmental trauma. J Clin Psychiatry
1995 Mar; 56(3): 113-7.
16. Kuch K, Swinson RP, Kirby M. Post-traumatic
stress disorder after car accidents. Can J Psychiatry
1985 Oct; 30(6): 426-7.
17. Silber A. The importance of real trauma on
phobic symptom formation. Int J Psychoanal Psychother
1982-83; 9: 553-60.
18. Kruse F. Claustrophobia and agoraphobia as
birth trauma neuroses. Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr
1979 Oct; 28(7): 240-9.
19. Hoffman BF. The demographic and psychiatric
characteristics of 110 personal injury litigants.
Bull Am Acad Psychiatry Law 1991; 19(3): 227-36.
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