conditions such as Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) or Ankylosing Spondylitis
(AS) are inflammatory, auto-immune, joint diseases. When a person suffers
from arthritis, the individual's immune system cells malfunction and attack
his/her own joint cells. Arthritis can affect any joint throughout the body,
including the spine, hips, hands, and feet, to name a few. Symptomsof arthritis
can include joint pain, swelling, decreased range of motion, and malformed and/or
IUCCA UPPER CERVICAL CARE RELATES TO INFLAMMATORY
Most inflammtory arthritic conditions are thought
to be caused by hypersensitivity and/or malfunction
of the immune system through an auto-immune response.
This means that the immune system initiates an
exaggerated or improper response to its own tissues
and attacks its own cells. Since the immune system
depends upon normal communication from the brain
and spinal cord to control and coordinate its
functions, alterations in neurological function
can contribute to malfunctions in the immune system.
Specifically, an imbalance in autonomic nervous
system function, caused by input from upper cervical
spinal joint irritation (neck misalignment), can
produce or exaggerate auto-immune reactions within
a person's joints or other locations.1-21
many arthritis sufferers recall specific traumas
such as head injuries, auto accidents or falls,
which could have injured their upper cervical
spines, some do not. An upper cervical examination
Radiography and Digital
is necessary in each individual's case to assess
whether an upper cervical injury is present and
whether benefit from upper cervical care can be
Miller WD. Treatment of Visceral Disorders by
Manipulative Therapy. In: Goldstein M, ed. The
Research Status of Manipulative Therapy. Washington
DC: Government Printing Office, 1975:295-301.
2. Droste PL, Beckman DL. Pulmonary Effects of
Prolonged Sympathetic Stimulation. Proc Soc Bio
3. Editors. Autonomic Abnormalities in Asthma.
Lancet 1982;1:1224-1225. Ed.
4. Berkkow R, Fletcher A. The Merck Manual. Merck
Sharp and Dohm Research Laboratories. 1987:294-301.
5. Cooper IS. A Neurological Evaluation of the
Cutaneous Histamine Reaction. J Clin Invest 1950;29:465-46.
6. Brooks WH, Cross RJ, Roszman TL, Markesbery
WR. Neuroimmunomodulation: Neural Anatomical Basis
for Impairment and Facilitation. Annu Neurol 1982;12:56-61.
7. Kaliner M, Shelhamer JH, Davis PB, Smith LJ,
Venter JC. Autonomic Nervous System Abnormalities
and Allergy. Ann Intern Med 1982;96:349-357.
8. Coote, J. Somatic Sources of Afferent Input
as Factors in Aberrant Autonomic, Sensory, and
Motor Function. In: Korr, I., ed. The Neurobiologic
Mechanisms in Manipulative Therapy. New York:
9. Denslow, J., Korr, I., Krems, A. Quantitative
Studies of Chronic Facilitation in Human Motorneuron
Pools. Am J Physiol 1987;150:229-238
10. Korr, I. Proprioceptors and the Behavior of
Lesioned Segments. In: Stark, E. ed. Osteopathic
Medicine. Acton, Mass.: Publication Sciences Group,
11. Sato, A. The somatosympathetic reflexes: their
physiological and clinical significance. In: Golstein
M, ed. The research status of Spinal Manipulative
Therapy. Washington D.C.: Government Printing
Office 1975: 163-172.
12. Sato A, Schmidt RF. Somatosympathetic reflexes:
afferent fibers, central pathways, discharge characteristics.
Phys Review 1973; 53:916-947.
13. Kiyomi K. Autonomic system reactions caused
by excitation of somatic afferents: study of cutaneo-intestinal
reflex. In: Korr IM, ed. The neurobiological mechanisms
in manipulative therapy. New York: Plenum 1978:219-227.
14. Wick, G., et al. Immunoendocrine Communication
via The Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis in
Autoimmune Diseases. Endocrine Reviews. 14:539-563,
15. Black, P. Immune System - Central Nervous
System Interactions: Effect and Immunomodulatory
Consequences of Immune System Mediators on The
Brain. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.
38:7-12, January 1994.
16. Ader, R., Cohen, N., Felten, D. Psychoneuroimmunology:
Interactions Between The Nervous System and The
Immune System. Lancet 345:99-103, January 14,
17. Denckla WD. Interactions between age and the
neuroendocrine and immune systems. Fed Proc 1978;37:1263-1267
18. Van Dijk H, Jacobse-Geels H. Evidence for
the involvement of corticosterone in the ontology
of the cellular immune apparatus of the mouse.
19. Settipane GA, Pudupakkam RK, McGowan JH. Corticosteroid
effect on immunoglobins. J Allergy Clin Immunol
20. Korr IM. Sustained sympathecotonia as a factor
in disease. In: Korr IM, ed. The neurobiological
mechanisms in manipulative therapy. New York:
Plenum, 1978 229-268.
21. Klougart N, Nilsson N, Jacobsen J. Infantile
colic treated by chiropractors: a prospective
study of 316 cases. JMPT 1989;21:281-288.
web site is designed for educational purposes only and is not engaged in rendering
health care advice. The information provided through this website should not
be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease. It is not a
substitute for professional care. If you have or suspect you may have a health
problem, you should consult a health care provider. The authors, editors, producers,
sponsors, and contributors shall have no liability, obligation or responsibility
to any person or entity for any loss, damage, or adverse consequence alleged
to have happened directly or indirectly as a consequence of this material.