TREATMENT FOR NECK PAIN, BACK PAIN, HIP
PAIN, JOINT PAIN, ARM PAIN, LEG PAIN
IUCCA UPPER CERVICAL CARE RELATES TO PAIN
IN THE SPINE AND JOINTS
in the spine (neck, upper back, mid back,
low back), limbs (arms, legs), and joints
(shoulders, knees, hips, ankles) is frequently
linked to spinal trauma in medical literature.1-31
Often, trauma is directed at the neck during
auto accidents, head injuries, sports accidents,
and falls. When the upper cervical spine
is misaligned due to trauma, the head moves
off center, and can sit tilted upon the
injured neck. This creates imbalance from
head to toe as more weight shifts to one
side of the body compared to the other,
and can lead to joint pain.
of the upper neck can cause twisting of
the entire spinal structure, including the
pelvis, so that one leg becomes shorter
than the other, and can lead to pain in
the low back, pelvis, and knees. Because
the brain stem contains the control center
for the postural muscles of the spine, an
injury at the upper neck can interfere with
the brain's normal control over the postural
muscles, leading to muscular weakness, imbalance,
atrophy and spasm throughout the neck and
back. Spasm of the spinal muscles can lead
to compression of the spinal vertebrae,
to compression of the cervical, thoracic,
and/or lumbar intervertebral discs, and
to pain throughout the limbs and joints.
While many pain sufferers recall specific
such as head injuries, auto accidents or falls,
which could have injured their spines, some
do not. An upper cervical examination utilizing
Radiography and Digital
Infrared Imaging is
necessary in each individual's case to assess
whether an upper cervical injury is present
and whether benefit from IUCCA upper cervical
care can be achieved.
Studies Neck Pain, Back Pain, Hip Pain,
Information For Drivers, Pedestrians, and
Athletes" by Erin Elster, DC.
The Atlas Files. June 2000.
Hamer AJ, Gargan MF, Bannister GC. Whiplash
injury and surgically treated cervical disc
disease. Injury 1993 Sep; 24(8): 549-50.
2. Callaghan JP, McGill SM. Intervertebral
disc herniation: studies on a porcine model
exposed to highly repetitive flexion/extension
motion with compressive force. Clin Biomech
2001 Jan; 16(1): 28-37.
3. Adams MA, Freeman BJ, Morrison HP. Mechanical
initiation of intervertebral disc degeneration.
Spine 2000 Jul 1; 25(13): 1625-36.
4. Dai L, Jia L. Central cord injury complicating
acute cervical disc herniation in trauma.
Spine 2000 Feb 1; 25(3): 331-5; discussion
5. Kramer J, Wiese M, Haaker R. Intervertebral
disk displacement and trauma. Orthopade
200` Feb; 30(2): 121-7.
6. Weisskopf M, Bail H, Mack M. Value of
MRI in traumatic disco-ligament instability
of the lower cervical spine. Unfallchirurg
1999 Dec; 102 (12): 942-8.
7. Abumi K, Shono Y, Kotani Y. Indirect
posterior reduction and fusion of the traumatic
herniated disc by using a cervical pedicle
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8. Katzberg RW, Benedetti PF, Drake CM.
Acute cervical spine injuries: prospective
MR imaging assessment at a level 1 trauma
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9. Johansson B. Degeneration of the cervical
vertebral disk is seldom the only cause
of disk herniation. Cause of disk herniation
is a common dispute in insurance cases after
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10. Bucciero A, Carangelo B, Cerillo A.
Myeloradicular damage in traumatic cervical
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11. Keiper MD, Zimmerman RA, Bilaniuk LT.
MRI in the assessment of the supportive
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12. Kotilainen EM, Karki T, Satomaa OK.
Traumatic cervical disc herniation-tetraparesis
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Scand 1997 Apr; 69(2): 176-7.
13. Makela JP, Hietaniemi K. Neck
injury after repeated flexions due to parachuting.
Aviat Space Environ Med 1997 Mar; 68(3):
14. Jensen MV, Tuchsen F, Orhede E. Prolapsed
cervical intervertebral disc in male professional
derivers in Denmark, 1981-1990. A longitudinal
study of hospitalizations. Spine 1996 Oct
15; 21(20): 2352-5.
15. Carreon LY, Ito T, Yamada M. Histologic
changes in the disc after cervical spine
trauma: evidence of disc absorption. J Spinal
Disord 1996 Aug; 9(4): 313-6.
16. O'Brien CP. Rugby neck: cervical degeneration
in two front row rugby union players. Clin
J Sport Med 1996 Jan; 6(1): 56-9.
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a collision and an intervertebral disc prolapse.
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20. Pettersson K, Hildeingsson C, Toolanen
G. MRI and neurology in acute whiplash trauma.
No correlation in prospective examination
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22. Schlegel KF. Undiagnosed fractures and
intervertebral disk ruptures in whiplash
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25. Mallinson AI, Longridge NS. Specific
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27. Koelbaek Johansen M, Graven-Nielsen
T, Schou Olesen A. Generalized muscular
hyperalgesia in chronic whiplash syndrome.
Pain 1999 Nov; 83(2): 229-34.
28. Nederlhand MJ, Ijzerman MJ, Hermens
HJ. Cervical muscle dysfunction in the chronic
whiplash associated disorder grade II (WAD-II).
Spine 2000 Aug 1; 25(15): 1938-43.
29. Davis C. Chronic pain/dysfunction in
whiplash-associated disorders. J Manipulative
Physiol Ther 2001 Jan; 24(1): 44-51.
30. Bodack MP, Tunkel RS, Marini SG. Spinal
accessory nerve palsy as a cause of pain
after whiplash injury: case report. J Pain
Symptom Manage 1998 May; 15(5): 321-8.
31. Ide M, Ide J, Yamaga M. Symptoms
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plexus in whiplash injuries.
J Bone Joint Surg Br 2001 Mar; 83(2): 226-9.
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