seizure is the outward sign of a malfunction in
the electrical system in the brain. Seizures that
occur more than once, without a special cause,
are called epilepsy (also called a seizure disorder).
Seizures may be convulsions, brief stares, muscle
spasms, odd sensations, or episodes of automatic
behavior and altered consciousness.
IUCCA UPPER CERVICAL CARE RELATES TO SEIZURES
the exact cause of seizures is unknown, medical
researchers have focused upon traumatic brain
injury (specifically mild concussive injury to
the head, neck, or upper back) as a risk factor
for seizure onset.1-24
Following the injury, seizures can be triggered
immediately or can take months or years to develop.
The purpose of IUCCA upper cervical chiropractic
care is to reverse the trauma-induced upper neck
injury; thereby reducing irritation to the nerves
in the brain stem and spinal cord that can trigger
neurological dysfunction. While many seizure sufferers
recall specific traumas
such as head injuries, auto accidents or falls,
some do not. In certainipediatric
cases, the injury can occur from the normal
birthing process. An upper cervical
examination utilizing Laser-aligned
Radiography and Digital
Infrared Imaging is
necessary in each individual's case to assess
whether an upper cervical injury is present and
whether benefit from IUCCA upper cervical care
can be achieved.
ARTICLES AND PUBLICATIONS
of Bipolar, Seizure, and Sleep Disorders and Migraine
Headaches Utilizing a Chiropractic Technique"
by Erin L. Elster, DC. Journal of Manipulative
and Physiological Therapeutics. March 2004.
Blindness, Cerebral Palsy, Epilepsy, and Recurring
Otitis Media: A Case Study in Chiropractic Management"
by William Amalu, DC. Today's Chiropractic. May
read this article, please go to the PacificChiro.com
web site by clicking on the link below***
1. Singer RB. Incidence of seizures after traumatic
brain injury-a 50-year population survey. J Insur
Med 2001; 33(1): 42-5.
2. Hermansen MC. Potential for brief but severe
intrapartum injury among neonates with early-onset
seizures. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001 Mar; 184(4):
3. Thorley RR, Wertsch JJ, Klingbeil GE. Acute
hypothalamic instability in traumatic brain injury:
a case report. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001 Feb;
4. Engstrom ER, Hillered L, Flink R. Extracellular
amino acid levels measured with intracerebral
microdialysis in the model of posttraumatic epilepsy
induced by intracortical iron injection. Epilepsy
Res 2001 Feb; 43(2): 135-44.
5. Chiaretti A, DeBenedictis R, Polidori G. Early
post-traumatic seizures in children with head
injury. Childs Nerv Syst 2000 Dec; 16(12): 862-6.
6. Diaz-Arrastia R, Agostini MA. Neurophysiologic
and neuroradiologic features of intractable epilepsy
after traumatic brain injury in adults. Arch Neurol
2000 Nov; 57(11): 1611-6.
7. Annegers JF, Coan SP. The risks of epilepsy
after traumatic brain injury. Seizure 2000 Oct;
8. Barlow KM, Spowart JJ, Minns RA. Early posttraumatic
seizures in non-accidental head injury: relation
to outcome. Dev Med Child Neurol 2000 Sep; 42(9):
9. The Brain Trauma Foundation. The American Association
of Neurological Surgeons. The Joint Section on
Neurotrauma and Critical Care. Role of antiseizure
prophylaxis following head injury. J Neurotrauma
2000 Jun-Jul; 17(6-7): 549-53.
10. Iudice A, Murri L. Pharmacological prophylaxis
of post-traumatic epilepsy. Drugs 2000 May; 59(5):
11. Spitz MC, Towbin JA, Shantz D. Closed head
injury resulting in paradoxical improvement of
a seizure disorder. Seizure 2000 Mar; 9(2): 142-4.
12. Schierhout G, Roberts I. Anti-epileptic drugs
for preventing seizures following acute traumatic
brain injury. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000;
13. Rosenberg HJ, Rosenberg SD, Williamson PD.
A comparative study of trauma and posttraumatic
stress disorder prevalence in epilepsy patients
and Psychogenic nonepileptic seizure patients.
Epilepsia 2000 Apr; 41(4): 447-52.
14. Fernandez-Dominguez A, Morales-Chacon L, Garcia-Cruz
A. Typical absence epilepsy in a patient with
serious cranio-encephalic trauma. Rev Neurol 1999
Feb 1-15: 28(3): 240-2.
15. Pakapnis A, Paolicchi J. Psychogenic seizures
after head injury in children. J Child Neurol
2000 Feb; 15(2): 78-80.
16. Clear D, Chadwick DW. Seizures provoked by
blows to the head. Epilepsia 2000 Feb; 41(2):
17. Schutze M, Dauch WA, Guttinger M. Risk factors
for posttraumatic fits and epilepsy. Zentralbl
Neurochir 1999; 60(4): 163-7.
18. Chadwick D. Seizures and epilepsy after traumatic
brain injury. Lancet 2000 Jan 29; 355(9201): 334-6.
19. Vespa PM, Nuwer MR, Nenov V. Increased incidence
and impact of nonconvulsive and convulsive seizures
after traumatic brain injury as detected by continuous
electroencephalogranic monitoring. J Neurosurg
1999 Nov; 91(5): 750-60.
20. Angeleri F, Majkowski J, Cacchio G. Posttraumatic
epilepsy risk factors: one-year prospective study
after head injury. Epilepsia 1999 Sep; 40(9):
21. Dias MS, Carnevale F, Li V. Immediate posttraumatic
seizures: is routine hospitalization necessary?
Pediatr Neurosurg 1999 May; 30(5): 232-8.
22. Piccinelli M, Patterson M, Braithwaite I.
Anxiety and depression disorders 5 years after
severe injuries: a prospective follow-up study.
J Psychosom Res 1999 May; 46(5): 455-64.
23. Asikainen I, Kaste M, Sarna S. Early and late
posttraumatic seizures in traumatic brain injury
rehabilitation patients: brain injury factors
causing late seizures and influence of seizures
on long-term outcome. Epilepsia 1999 May; 40(5):
24. Ratan SK, Kulshreshtha R, Pandey RM. Predictors
of posttraumatic convulsions in head-injured children.
Pediatr Neurosurg 1999 Mar; 30(3): 127-31.
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